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Saturday, January 29, 2011

BitDefender : Tips for Safe Shopping on Mobile Devices

A small piece of advice by BitDefender on security aspects while using new generation mobile devices.Pls click HERE

Trojan.Spy.YEK : The Corporate Spying Tool


1. The Stuxnet trembles and quakes are still not over and unlikely to be forgotten for some years.After the stuxnet storm ,each one from the corporate sector IT bosses to IT admins in individual capacities,every one was trying to be careful of any sign of outside intrusion . These days when some e-threat comes along and sniffs for critical data, it could mean billions & trillions of money IN/OUT in seconds. 

2. Trojan.Spy.YEK is unlike a regular Spying Trojan that looks for documents and archives that may hold private information but also sends it back to the attacker.

3. Trojan.Spy.YEK has both spying & backdoor features with an encrypted dll in its overlay, this Trojan is easily saved in windows\system32\netconf32.dll and once injected in explorer.exe nothing can stop it from connecting (whenever necessary) to a couple of easy pings & sharing all with the attacker.

4. The backdoor component helps it register itself as a service so as to receive and follow instructions from a command and control center, while the spyware component sends away data about files, operating system, while also making screenshots(trying to make a user freindly hand guide for later action...isn't it so caring?????) of the ongoing processes.

5. Some of the commands it is supposed to execute are: sending the collected files using a GET request, sending info regarding the operating system and computer, taking screenshots and sending the results, listing the processes that run on the system and sends them away, finding files with a certain extension. Shortly put, it uploads all the interesting data on a FTP server without the user’s consent.

6. The fact that it looks for all that it is linked to archives, e-mails (.eml, .dbx), address books (.wab), database and documents (.doc, .odt, .pdf etc) makes Trojan.Spy.YEKa prime suspect of corporate espionage as it seems to target the private data of the companies.

7. This infection will change the registry settings and other important windows system files. If Trojan.Spy.YEK is not removed it can cause a complete computer crash.Some Trojan.Spy.YEK infections contain trojan and keyloggers which can be used to steal sensitive data like passwords, credit card, bank account information etc. 

8. On top of that, the Trojan can run without problems on all versions of Windows® from Win 95® to Seven®. 

FBI : A Parent's Guide to Internet Safety

A must read guide from  The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), an agency of the United States Department of Justice for all the parents in the world, advising & trying to make them understand the complexities of online child exploitation.....please click HERE

Case of Albert Gonzalez : The Largest Online Fraud in U.S. History


1. This case that I recently read in brief pertains to an interesting online fraud case against Albert Gonzalez.I have made it in a sequential point to compress the complete story for easy reading and grasping :

(a) Albert started using computers at an early age, and while in high school, managed to hack into the Government of India's website[ :( ]. Sadly, he was not charged at this stage and only warned to stay away from computers for six months.

(b) At the age of 19, he started his own group of hackers, named ShadowCrew, which trafficked over a million credit card numbers for use in online fraud. When the FBI finally managed to shut the group down, Albert was charged. However, he worked with the investigators and gave away vital information on his cohorts and did not need to serve a sentence. 

(c) Still on,Albert after two years worth of hardwork(????) compromised on sensitive data including 45.6 million credit and debit cards.

(d) TJX Companies notified the authorities of their data leakage. Albert had the abilities to crack and hack his way through, but the low security measures didn't help TJX. Albert was able to install his malware and sniffing software onto the networks of TJX and all the stores operating under them, even outside of the United States. TJX discovered the breach in December of 2006 and was under the belief that they had only been losing data for the past six to seven months, dating back to May 2006. After further investigation, they found that they were losing sensitive data since 2005. Albert had already moved on to bigger and better operations by the time TJX had even started discovering the extent of their security breach.

(e) Gonzalez and his accomplices used SQL injection techniques to create malware backdoors on several corporate systems in order to launch packet sniffing (specifically, ARP Spoofing) attacks which allowed him to steal computer data from internal corporate networks.

(f) During his spree he was said to have thrown himself a $75,000 birthday party and complained about having to count $340,000 by hand after his currency-counting machine broke.(ha ha ha.....wow!!!!anyway)

(g) Gonzalez had three federal indictments:
- May 2008 in New York for the Dave & Busters case (trial schedule September 2009)
- May 2008 in Massachusetts for the TJ Maxx case (trial scheduled early 2010)
- August 2009 in New Jersey in connection with the Heartland Payment case.

(h). On March 25, 2010, Gonzalez was sentenced to 20 years in federal prison.

2. For details of the case with many links please visit HERE