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Sunday, July 23, 2017

Generate Public Key- Private Key Pair and Test them

The Public and Private key pair comprises of two uniquely related cryptographic keys.The Public Key is made available to everyone via a publicly accessible repository or directory. On the other hand, the Private Key must remain confidential to its respective owner. Because the key pair is mathematically related, whatever is encrypted with a Public Key may only be decrypted by its corresponding Private Key and vice versa.In this post we will see how to generate a set of private and public keys and then test to encrypt with public and decrypt with private key.I have a Ubuntu system...and I attempt all here on the terminal.The following commands will be used as we work with RSA keys:

openssl genrsa: Generates an RSA private keys.
openssl rsautl: Encrypt and decrypt files with RSA keys.
openssl rsa: Manage RSA private keys (includes generating a public key from it).

Firstly to generate the key,the terminal command will be as follows and shown in the screenshot :

 :~ openssl genrsa -des3 -out private.pem 2048

 The following command will generate a public key from the private key generated above
: ~ openssl rsa -in private.pem -outform PEM -pubout -out public.pem
 So now we have generated a set of private key and public key with the extension .pem
 To just verify the generation,chk the contents inside as seen below :

:~ more public.pem
 :~ more private.pem
 Use the following command to generate the random key:
 :~ openssl rand -base64 128 -out key.bin
 Encrypt the sample pdf or any other file you want to encrypt with this key vide the following command :

:~ openssl enc -aes-256-cbc -salt -in anupam.pdf -out anupam.pdf.enc -pass file:./key.bin
 So now you have the original file here anupam.pdf and the encrypted file as anupam.pdf.enc
 We see that the files do not have much of a size difference but the file is encrypted.
Now use the following command to encrypt the random keyfile with the other persons public key:

:~ openssl rsautl -encrypt -inkey public.pem -pubin -in key.bin -out key.bin.enc
 The key.bin is encrypted now.
: ~ openssl rsautl -decrypt -inkey private.pem -in key.bin.enc -out key.bin1
 and finally we decrypt the pdf.enc file to original .pdf extension

:~ openssl enc -d -aes-256-cbc -in anupam.pdf.enc -out anupam1.pdf -pass file:./key.bin

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