1. Privacy is really becoming a big and serious issue and no one knows what all is all set to come ahead.For now I came across and even started using TOR.For the bigger details you need to visit the site at https://www.torproject.org/.I got aware of this at the ANKIT FADIA WORKSHOP@INDORE
2. For the in brief , point wise detail that just scroll down to get a brief overview :
- Tor is free software made under www.torproject.org/
- Helps defend against network surveillance that threaten personal freedom and privacy.
- Protects by bouncing your communications around a distributed network of relays run by volunteers all around the world.
- Prevents somebody watching your Internet connection from learning what sites you visit
- Prevents sites you visit from learning your physical location.
- Works with web browsers, instant messaging clients, remote login, and other applications based on the TCP protocol.
- Individuals can use Tor to keep websites from tracking them and their family members, or to connect to news sites, instant messaging services, or the like when these are blocked by their local Internet providers.
- A branch of the U.S. Navy uses Tor for open source intelligence gathering, and one of its teams used Tor while deployed in the Middle East recently.
HOW/WHAT IT DOES?
- Actually a network of virtual tunnels that allows people and groups to improve their privacy and security on the Internet.
- Based on "Onion routing" that simply refers to original data being encrypted and re-encrypted multiple times.
- It is then sent through successive Tor relays, each one of which decrypts a "layer" of encryption before passing the data on to the next relay and, ultimately, its destination.
- This reduces the possibility of the original data being unscrambled or understood in transit
- Enables to create new communication tools with built-in privacy features.
- Provides the foundation for a range of applications that allow organizations and individuals to share information over public networks without compromising their privacy.
3. Thanks https://www.torproject.org and Ankit Fadia